How can you prepare for an earthquake?
An earthquake is an unexpected, rapid vibration of the earth caused by shifting of rock underneath the surface of the earth. Earthquakes hit without any warning, and they can happen any time of the year. While there isn’t anything that you can do to change the situation, but you can certainly prepare to deal with it better. The key to surviving any disaster is preparation; Only then you are going to get through it with minimal damage. We have a great emergency food kit that you should definitely check it out!!
Here are some of the tips that will help you prepare for the earthquake-
Important Safety Tips:
- Take appointment with a professional who can educate you about building a strong home. This will include installing cupboard latches, bolting shelves to the wall, and strapping heater to the wall studs.
- Make sure you have an earthquake promptness plan.
- Locate the areas of each room that are the safest to take cover during an earthquake. It should a place where there is no risk of anything falling on you.
- If you reside in an area where there is a high risk of an earthquake, then put together a small emergency kit that you can take it on the go.
Before the earthquake:
It is better to prepare for an earthquake in advance as you would have no idea when the earthquake will hit you.
- So to begin with, make sure you have an emergency survival kit that will be a great help during the situation.
- Make sure you tighten the shelves firmly to the walls and put the heavy weighted objects on the lower part of the shelves
- Hang frames and other items such as mirrors away from the bed or the places where people sit
- Tighten the hanging light fixtures around the house
- Repair all the electrical wiring and gas connection if they are defective
- Repair the cracks in the walls and foundations
- Place harmful chemical items such as pesticides also the flammable liquids on the bottom shelves of the cabinets
- Identify the safe areas outside that are away from the trees, electric lines, buildings, and bridges.
- Educate your family members on how to switch off water, gas, and electricity.
- Educate your children how to contact emergency numbers
- Make an emergency communication plan that will help in better communication during the situation.
- Install flexible fittings that are strong and that are not prone of gas and water leakages.
- Consider planning an earthquake drill along with your family to prepare them for the emergency situation.
During the earthquake:
Tips for indoors
- Look for sturdy furniture to hide. You can also take cover against an inner wall just make sure there are no glass items.
- One of the most dangerous things that you can probably do during the earthquake is trying to leave the house. So stay inside the building.
Tips for outdoors
- If you happen to be outside when the earthquake hits, then make sure you go to an open area that is away from any tree, building, bridges, electrical wires, etc.
Tips for when you are in a moving vehicle
- If you are in a moving vehicle when you feel the quake then stop your vehicle immediately and stay put
- Make sure you are in an area that is away from bridges, trees, building, electrical poles, and linings.
- Once you are sure that there is no trembling slowly and carefully move forward.
Dealing with pets during the earthquake:
When you have a pet along with you, then you have to put in extra efforts to ensure the safety. Here are following steps that will be really helpful:
- During earthquake, your pet may start to behave differently, and they may become defensive and aggressive, so leash your pet or place them in a fenced space
- The emergency shelter may not permit pets inside so ensure that you are equipped with dry pet food, water, and other supply for the coming days.
Once the earthquake is over:
Now you have dealt with the earthquake, but that doesn’t mean you don’t have to be cautious. Preparing for after earthquake scenario is also very important. Here are some effective tips for you:
- There will be aftershocks so prepare yourself for that. They may result in extra damage after the main fright.
- You are all in this together, so help the person who is injured or trapped within your capability
- Keep connected to the radio or television for any emergency announcement or information
- Keep an eye on the elderly, children, and disabled persons who may need more help.
- Stay awake from the damaged or wrecked buildings
- Use the cell phone or telephone only for the emergency purposes
- Clean up the floor so that no one gets injured
- Use the cabinets carefully
- Consider checking your chimneys for any damage and be extra careful when lighting the fireplace. Damages on the chimney can result in a fire.
- Check your utilities to see if there are any damages. If you think there is a gas leakage turn the gas off from below and don’t use any electrical devices. If there are broken electrical wires, then ensure that no one goes near them and switch off the main circuit breaker or the fuse box. If there are any damages to the water pipes, then don’t drink the tap water and avoid using the toilet.
Keep an emergency survival kit
During an emergency, you should have the basic items like food, water, sanitation, first aid, clothing, tools, etc. This is why you need to put together an emergency survival kit and make sure that they are compact and easy to carry. While you can buy the kit online, it is always better to put together your own emergency kit. When you put together on your own, you have the option to personalize it according to your needs. Along with emergency items, you should also include comfort items such as candy for kids, coffee, board games, or deck of cards. We have a blog post specifically relating to emergency survival kits prepare for an earthquake
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